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Mobility is a broad, polysemic concept. However, despite its linguistic richness, its multitude of meanings can also present an obstacle to knowledge. In other words, when people talk about mobility, we do not always know exactly what they mean. In this paper I propose discussing the challenges posed by the concept of mobility for sociology, and offer an approach based on mobility potential, of which individual and collective actors are carriers. This work is based in particular on a critical review of theoretical literature on the concept of mobility.