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This paper analyses the use that has been made of Bourdieu’s work by Spanish sociology. In order to do this the wake left by the translations of Bourdieu has been followed, particularly the main references to him to be found in monographs and the most important journals of sociology as well as the translations and references that were initially part of the process of institutionalising the discipline in Spain. An analysis that is based on the concepts contributed by Bourdieu himself, such as the concepts of field or symbolic dividends. The paper highlights the fact that it is the structure and the dynamics of the sociological field that explains the way that Bourdieu’s work was accepted and used by sociology in Spain. A dynamism that was conscious of the support professed for him by certain positions in the field, to such an extent that it converted Bourdieu into a canon of sociology, into a way of behaving in sociology but at the same time conscious of the rejection and criticism coming from other positions.